Android Basic SQLLite Database tutorial

Android provides one of the method to store data using SqlLite database .So we will create a simple database and work on it.In this tutorial we will create a database and look all the method to work with it.



We are creating a table named Contact with the following fields. 
 

Contact Table Structure







Writing Class 

Before you go further you need to write your Contact class with all getter and setter methods to maintain single contact as an object.

Contact .java
-------------- 
package com.androidgreeve.androidsqlite;
public class Contact {
     
    //private variables
    int _id;
    String _name;
    String _phone_number;
     
    // Empty constructor
    public Contact(){
         
    }
    // constructor
    public Contact(int id, String name, String _phone_number){
        this._id = id;
        this._name = name;
        this._phone_number = _phone_number;
    }
     
    // constructor
    public Contact(String name, String _phone_number){
        this._name = name;
        this._phone_number = _phone_number;
    }
    // getting ID
    public int getID(){
        return this._id;
    }
     
    // setting id
    public void setID(int id){
        this._id = id;
    }
     
    // getting name
    public String getName(){
        return this._name;
    }
     
    // setting name
    public void setName(String name){
        this._name = name;
    }
     
    // getting phone number
    public String getPhoneNumber(){
        return this._phone_number;
    }
     
    // setting phone number
    public void setPhoneNumber(String phone_number){
        this._phone_number = phone_number;
    }
}

Writing SQLite Database Handler Class

We need to write our own class to handle all database CRUD(Create, Read, Update and Delete) operations.
1. Create a new project by going to File ⇒ New Android Project. 2. Once the project is created, create a new class in your project src directory and name it as DatabaseHandler.java ( Right Click on src/package ⇒ New ⇒ Class) 3. Now extend your DatabaseHandler.java class from SQLiteOpenHelper.
public class DatabaseHandler extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
4. After extending your class from SQLiteOpenHelper you need to override two methods onCreate() and onUpgrage()
  onCreate() – These is where we need to write create table statements. This is called when database is created. onUpgrade() – This method is called when database is upgraded like modifying the table structure, adding constraints to database etc.,
public class DatabaseHandler extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
    // All Static variables
    // Database Version
    private static final int DATABASE_VERSION = 1;
    // Database Name
    private static final String DATABASE_NAME = "contactsManager";
    // Contacts table name
    private static final String TABLE_CONTACTS = "contacts";
    // Contacts Table Columns names
    private static final String KEY_ID = "id";
    private static final String KEY_NAME = "name";
    private static final String KEY_PH_NO = "phone_number";
    public DatabaseHandler(Context context) {
        super(context, DATABASE_NAME, null, DATABASE_VERSION);
    }
    // Creating Tables
    @Override
    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        String CREATE_CONTACTS_TABLE = "CREATE TABLE " + TABLE_CONTACTS + "("
                + KEY_ID + " INTEGER PRIMARY KEY," + KEY_NAME + " TEXT,"
                + KEY_PH_NO + " TEXT" + ")";
        db.execSQL(CREATE_CONTACTS_TABLE);
    }
    // Upgrading database
    @Override
    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        // Drop older table if existed
        db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS " + TABLE_CONTACTS);
        // Create tables again
        onCreate(db);
    }

(Create, Read, Update and Delete)

Now we need to write methods for handling all database read and write operations. Here we are implementing following methods for our contacts table.
// Adding new contact
public void addContact(Contact contact) {}
// Getting single contact
public Contact getContact(int id) {}
// Getting All Contacts
public List<Contact> getAllContacts() {}
// Getting contacts Count
public int getContactsCount() {}
// Updating single contact
public int updateContact(Contact contact) {}
// Deleting single contact
public void deleteContact(Contact contact) {}

Inserting new Record

The addContact() method accepts Contact object as parameter. We need to build ContentValues parameters using Contact object. Once we inserted data in database we need to close the database connection.

addContact()
    // Adding new contact
public void addContact(Contact contact) {
    SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
    ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
    values.put(KEY_NAME, contact.getName()); // Contact Name
    values.put(KEY_PH_NO, contact.getPhoneNumber()); // Contact Phone Number
    // Inserting Row
    db.insert(TABLE_CONTACTS, null, values);
    db.close(); // Closing database connection
}

Reading Row(s)

The following method getContact() will read single contact row. It accepts id as parameter and will return the matched row from the database.
getContact()
    // Getting single contact
public Contact getContact(int id) {
    SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();
    Cursor cursor = db.query(TABLE_CONTACTS, new String[] { KEY_ID,
            KEY_NAME, KEY_PH_NO }, KEY_ID + "=?",
            new String[] { String.valueOf(id) }, null, null, null, null);
    if (cursor != null)
        cursor.moveToFirst();
    Contact contact = new Contact(Integer.parseInt(cursor.getString(0)),
            cursor.getString(1), cursor.getString(2));
    // return contact
    return contact;
}
getAllContacts() will return all contacts from database in array list format of Contact class type. You need to write a for loop to go through each contact.
getAllContacts()
    // Getting All Contacts
 public List<Contact> getAllContacts() {
    List<Contact> contactList = new ArrayList<Contact>();
    // Select All Query
    String selectQuery = "SELECT  * FROM " + TABLE_CONTACTS;
    SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
    Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery(selectQuery, null);
    // looping through all rows and adding to list
    if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
        do {
            Contact contact = new Contact();
            contact.setID(Integer.parseInt(cursor.getString(0)));
            contact.setName(cursor.getString(1));
            contact.setPhoneNumber(cursor.getString(2));
            // Adding contact to list
            contactList.add(contact);
        } while (cursor.moveToNext());
    }
    // return contact list
    return contactList;
}
getContactsCount() will return total number of contacts in SQLite database.
getContactsCount()
// Getting contacts Count
    public int getContactsCount() {
        String countQuery = "SELECT  * FROM " + TABLE_CONTACTS;
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();
        Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery(countQuery, null);
        cursor.close();
        // return count
        return cursor.getCount();
    }

Updating Record

updateContact() will update single contact in database. This method accepts Contact class object as parameter.
updateContact()
    // Updating single contact
public int updateContact(Contact contact) {
    SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
    ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
    values.put(KEY_NAME, contact.getName());
    values.put(KEY_PH_NO, contact.getPhoneNumber());
    // updating row
    return db.update(TABLE_CONTACTS, values, KEY_ID + " = ?",
            new String[] { String.valueOf(contact.getID()) });
}

Deleting Record

deleteContact() will delete single contact from database.
deleteContact()
    // Deleting single contact
public void deleteContact(Contact contact) {
    SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
    db.delete(TABLE_CONTACTS, KEY_ID + " = ?",
            new String[] { String.valueOf(contact.getID()) });
    db.close();
}

Complete DatabaseHandler.java Code:

DatabaseHandler.java
package com.androidgreeve.androidsqlite;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;
public class DatabaseHandler extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
    // All Static variables
    // Database Version
    private static final int DATABASE_VERSION = 1;
    // Database Name
    private static final String DATABASE_NAME = "contactsManager";
    // Contacts table name
    private static final String TABLE_CONTACTS = "contacts";
    // Contacts Table Columns names
    private static final String KEY_ID = "id";
    private static final String KEY_NAME = "name";
    private static final String KEY_PH_NO = "phone_number";
    public DatabaseHandler(Context context) {
        super(context, DATABASE_NAME, null, DATABASE_VERSION);
    }
    // Creating Tables
    @Override
    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        String CREATE_CONTACTS_TABLE = "CREATE TABLE " + TABLE_CONTACTS + "("
                + KEY_ID + " INTEGER PRIMARY KEY," + KEY_NAME + " TEXT,"
                + KEY_PH_NO + " TEXT" + ")";
        db.execSQL(CREATE_CONTACTS_TABLE);
    }
    // Upgrading database
    @Override
    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        // Drop older table if existed
        db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS " + TABLE_CONTACTS);
        // Create tables again
        onCreate(db);
    }
    /**
     * All CRUD(Create, Read, Update, Delete) Operations
     */
    // Adding new contact
    void addContact(Contact contact) {
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
        ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
        values.put(KEY_NAME, contact.getName()); // Contact Name
        values.put(KEY_PH_NO, contact.getPhoneNumber()); // Contact Phone
        // Inserting Row
        db.insert(TABLE_CONTACTS, null, values);
        db.close(); // Closing database connection
    }
    // Getting single contact
    Contact getContact(int id) {
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();
        Cursor cursor = db.query(TABLE_CONTACTS, new String[] { KEY_ID,
                KEY_NAME, KEY_PH_NO }, KEY_ID + "=?",
                new String[] { String.valueOf(id) }, null, null, null, null);
        if (cursor != null)
            cursor.moveToFirst();
        Contact contact = new Contact(Integer.parseInt(cursor.getString(0)),
                cursor.getString(1), cursor.getString(2));
        // return contact
        return contact;
    }
     
    // Getting All Contacts
    public List<Contact> getAllContacts() {
        List<Contact> contactList = new ArrayList<Contact>();
        // Select All Query
        String selectQuery = "SELECT  * FROM " + TABLE_CONTACTS;
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
        Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery(selectQuery, null);
        // looping through all rows and adding to list
        if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
            do {
                Contact contact = new Contact();
                contact.setID(Integer.parseInt(cursor.getString(0)));
                contact.setName(cursor.getString(1));
                contact.setPhoneNumber(cursor.getString(2));
                // Adding contact to list
                contactList.add(contact);
            } while (cursor.moveToNext());
        }
        // return contact list
        return contactList;
    }
    // Updating single contact
    public int updateContact(Contact contact) {
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
        ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
        values.put(KEY_NAME, contact.getName());
        values.put(KEY_PH_NO, contact.getPhoneNumber());
        // updating row
        return db.update(TABLE_CONTACTS, values, KEY_ID + " = ?",
                new String[] { String.valueOf(contact.getID()) });
    }
    // Deleting single contact
    public void deleteContact(Contact contact) {
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();
        db.delete(TABLE_CONTACTS, KEY_ID + " = ?",
                new String[] { String.valueOf(contact.getID()) });
        db.close();
    }
    // Getting contacts Count
    public int getContactsCount() {
        String countQuery = "SELECT  * FROM " + TABLE_CONTACTS;
        SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();
        Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery(countQuery, null);
        cursor.close();
        // return count
        return cursor.getCount();
    }
}

Usage:

AndroidSQLiteTutorialActivity
package com.androidgreeve.androidsqlite;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.TextView;
public class AndroidSQLiteTutorialActivity extends Activity {
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
         
        DatabaseHandler db = new DatabaseHandler(this);
         
        /**
         * CRUD Operations
         * */
        // Inserting Contacts
        Log.d("Insert: ", "Inserting ..");
        db.addContact(new Contact("Ravi", "9100000000"));       
        db.addContact(new Contact("Srinivas", "9199999999"));
        db.addContact(new Contact("Tommy", "9522222222"));
        db.addContact(new Contact("Karthik", "9533333333"));
         
        // Reading all contacts
        Log.d("Reading: ", "Reading all contacts..");
        List<Contact> contacts = db.getAllContacts();      
         
        for (Contact cn : contacts) {
            String log = "Id: "+cn.getID()+" ,Name: " + cn.getName() + " ,Phone: " + cn.getPhoneNumber();
                // Writing Contacts to log
        Log.d("Name: ", log);
    }
    }
}
  
Android Log Cat Report:
I am writing output to Log report. You can see your log report by going to Windows ⇒ Show View ⇒ Other.. ⇒ Android ⇒ Log Cat.
Note
If you Face any problem /error comment below For downloading source code subscribe to feeds and you will receive the code to your mail. 

Next Post Will Contains "Sqllite Database With multiple Table."

4 comments

Thanks Man I liked it!

Reply

Can u please Send me the code vrijesh@gmail.com Thank u once again.

Reply

Is there a reason the getContact(), getAllcontacts() and updateContact() methods don't call db.close() when they finish? Thanks!

Reply

hey man your code is really helpful if you put it in some code snippet like this..
http://www.androprogrammer.com

Reply

Post a Comment